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All about Monkeypox : History, Signs, Severity, Prévention and Treatment

All about Monkeypox : History, Signs, Severity, Prévention and Treatment

  • Monkeypox is a viral zoonosis : a virus transmitted from animals to humans, with symptoms that are strikingly similar to those seen in smallpox patients in the past. 

Monkeypox severity ? 

  • It is less severe clinically than smallpox. 
  • Monkeypox is normally a self-limiting condition, with symptoms lasting between two and four weeks. 
  • Severe instances are more common in chikdren and are linked to the amount of virus exposure, the patient's condition, and the type of problems. 

Is monkeypox a new disease ? 

  • Monkeypox has emerged as the most important orthopoxvirus since the eradication of smallpox in 1980. 
  • Monkeypox is mostly found in Central and West Africa, particularly near tropical rainforests.

What is the host of Monkeypox ? 

  • The natural history of the monkeypox virus is still unknown
  • The monkeypox virus has been discovered in a variety of animal species. 
  • Rope squirrels, tree squirrels, Gambian pouched rats, dormice, non-human primates, and other species are among those affected. 

What is the incubation period of Monkeypox ?

  • Monkeypox takes 6 to 13 days to appear (from infection to beginning of symptoms), although it can take anywhere from 5 to 21 days.

What are the signs of Monkeypox ?

  • The infection is separated into 2 stages :

First stage : Invasion periode

  • It lasts between 0 and 5 days 
  • Fever, acute headache, lymphadenopathy, back discomfort, myalgia, and intense asthenia characterize the invasion stage (which ) (lack of energy). 

Second stage: Skin manifestations

  • The skin eruption normally starts 1-3 days after the fever appears. 
  • The rash appears to be focused more on the face and extremities than on the trunk. 
  • Oral mucous membranes (70%), genitalia (30%), and conjunctivae (20%), are also affected. 


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